Search our records : Arthur Hawker
|Unit:||11th Battalion Leicestershire Regiment|
|Date of Death:||22nd March 1918|
|Where Buried / Commemorated:||Arras Memorial|
|Parents:||James and Harriet Hawker|
|Home address:||3 Bovey Cottages, Beer, Devon|
Arthur Timothy Hawker was born in Axmouth in 1888 or 1889, one of the nine children (six sons and three daughters) of James Hawker, a farm labourer, and his wife Harriet. Four of the children were born in Colyton, where Harriet herself was born, while another was born in Shute. Like Arthur, James and three of the other children were born in Axmouth, and the family lived at Charton, near Axmouth. However, by the time of the 1901 Census, the family had moved to Cemetery Lane, Beer.
In 1910 Arthur married Julia Rendell from Branscombe. By the time of the 1911 census they had a 6-month old son, Jack, and were living with Julia's father, Thomas Rendell, at 3 Bovey Cottages.
Arthur enlisted in the army in Beer, and initially joined the Devonshire Regiment, but at some point must have been transferred to the Leicestershire Regiment. Transfers like this often happened to troops who were about to complete their training, and who were sent to join a regiment which had recently suffered heavy casualties.
On 21st of March 1918, the German Army began a major offensive in France. It began with a massive artillery bombardment which in the first five hours fired an incredible 1,160,000 shells at the Allied lines.
The war diary of the 11th Battalion the Leicestershire Regiment records the opening hours of the attack:
"5am The enemy attacked heavily, after an intensive bombardment (which lasted from about 5 AM), at 8 AM and establish themselves in position in front of the wire of the VAULX-MORCHIES line by the evening.
5:30am Message from Sgt Barratt, acting Company Sergeant Major of the D Company, to the effect that all the officers of his Company had become casualties, and that he was in command of the Company".
On the 22nd March, the diary continues:
"4pm Transport moved to Pioneer camp, LOGEAST WOOD (G1b, Sheet 57c), 1 man of the transport was killed by shellfire. What remained of the Companies withdrew to the new line".
Total casualties of the operation[for Arthur's battalion]:
3 officers killed
7 officers wounded
4 officers missing
30 OR [Other Ranks] killed
106 " missing
81 " wounded
Arthur was one of the 30 'other ranks' from this battalion who were killed. His body was not identified, and he is commemorated on the Arras Memorial.